The Mashi Conservancy is a community initiative 30km south of Kongola. Conservancies are self-defined common property management and social units. These unfenced multiple use areas are zoned by members for their livelihood needs, including crop and livestock farming, mixed wild and domestic animal grazing and exclusive wildlife and tourism. In return for responsible management of wildlife, the government gives a conservancy the rights over its consumptive and non-consumptive use.
Conservancy members (share-holders) are required to elect a representative committee (board of directors) to manage natural resources and equitably distribute income amongst community members derived from tourism and hunting. Most conservancies employ game guards, field officers and community activators.
The Mashi Conservancy was registered in 2003.